OBJECTIVES
1. Identify the formal & iconographic char’s of Roman art & architecture of the Republican & Early, High, & Late Imperial pds.
2. Describe the forms, materials and construction techniques of Roman architecture.
3. Discuss relationship of civic building programs and imperial politics.
4. Explain the relationship of social status and artistic expression.
5. Identify the influence of other ancient cultures on Roman art and architecture.
6. Describe the materials and processes used to create Roman art.
7. Identify historical events and characters that influenced the development of Roman art and architecture.



The 4 Major Periods in Ancient Rome:
  1. REPUBLIC 509 - 27 BCE
  2. EARLY EMPIRE 27 BCE - 96 CE
  3. HIGH EMPIRE 96-192 CE
  4. LATE EMPIRE 192 – 476 CE

side note: a separate page will be created for each of the 4 major periods above.



Class Links (By Kieran):
  1. REPUBLIC 509 - 27 BCE
  2. EARLY EMPIRE 27 BCE - 96 CE
  3. HIGH EMPIRE 96-192 CE
  4. LATE EMPIRE 192 – 476 CE



Some things to look for as you study the material in this unit:
  1. the influence of the Romans on Western art and government (even on us today)
  2. architectural achievements / innovations of the Romans
  3. role of architecture and sculpture played in the context of the public forum / throughout the empire
  4. the concepts of real and ideal (Greek moving from ideal to real; Romans moving from real to ideal)
  5. artistic contributions of each emperor (as well as wealthy Roman citizens)
  6. adoption
  7. divine lineage
  8. the manner in which each emperor had themselves represented
  9. patronage - from both powerful / wealthy and non-elite citizenship (and former slaves)
  10. use of narrative in art and architecture
  11. the (other) various functions of art and architecture
  12. gender



Other general questions about the material in this unit:
Q: Explain the political nature of Roman art and architecture, especially as it communicates ideas of power for the emperor and empire.
Q: Explain the architectural development of the Roman forum, the markets, the triumphal arches and, in particular, the Pantheon.
Q: Explain the quote, “In Roman Art, ‘portrait’ is often not synonymous with ‘likeness.” Support your explanation with an example.



General links:

  • Take a tour of Ancient Rome in 320 C.E. A collaboration between Khan Academy and Rome Reborn based on a film by Dr. Bernard Frischer - link
  • Discover Ancient Rome in Google Earth - link
  • A virtual tour of Ancient Rome (pretty cool) - link
  • The History of Rome: Engineering of the Roman Empire (c/o History Channel) - link
  • Roman images & info (Getty Foundation) - link
  • Roman images & info (Metropolitan Museum: Heilbrun Timeline) - link
  • Roman Images (George Ortiz Collection) - link
  • Roman Images (Vedute di Roma) - link