My Final Exam Review Page I Made.

5 facts about Leonardo Da Vinci:

  1. He was a vegetarian
  2. He was gay
  3. Never went to formal schooling
  4. Was born out of wedlock
  5. Drew the first plans for the armored car

Notes on April 27, 2012

The School of Athens by Raphael
  • many triangles
  • Aristotle?(can't remember who the other guy was) has empty space behind him.
  • Only people who have empty space behind them

Ginevera by Leonardo
  • maybe an engagement picture
  • found a sketch of hands, maybe found the sketch that would finish it
  • on the back it says, "Beauty adorns virtue" With a wreath and a juniper branch

The Last Supper by Leonardo
  • There was no door until Napoleon's military was housed there
  • you would have seen Christ's and the deciples' feet
  • The painting isn't symmetric
  • more weight on the left side
  • no halo above Jesus but he is framed by a light sky in the open window
  • The vanishing point is right behind Jesus' head
  • All of the disciples are foreshadowing what will later happen to them:
    • John wringing his hands, he is later crucified wringing his hands
    • Peter is going towards Christ, he looks like he is struggling, he has a knife, he later cut the ear off of a guard who came for him
    • Judus is showing greed with the money bag and he is grabbing for something and is rejecting the bread, his beard is revealing his neck, he hangs himself
    • Bartholomew has a knife pointing at him by Peter, he was flayed, it is when you skin someone alive
    • Andrew is holding his hands up in front of him, it made an ex shape

(More) Facts about Leonardo
  • the people he painted were androgynous
  • he was an inventor as well
  • he dissected at least 32 bodies in his life time
  • he died in the arms of a French king who paid him to hang out with him and to sing to him
  • his drawings of the human anatomy have been used in John's Hopkins

In Venice
  • Giovanni Balini
    • there is a palm leaf and a part of a broken wheel (both were a representation of Saint Katherine), her torture device was the wheel
    • The two eyes that were displayed on a plate were a representation of Saint Lucy who had her eyes gouged out
    • Saint Jerome is represented with a book, usually the bible or a Holy text
  • The other Balini (his son)
    • very mysterious
    • mostly was Balini and Tition
    • showed how much fun they had in Venice

The Life of Christ

The Giving of the Keys to Saint Peter

  1. Symbolism, Characters and Setting
    1. The keys
      1. could be teachings
      2. spiritual guidance of the faithful
      3. ownership and authority
      4. symbolic of finding new life (finding christ)
      5. the house, the church, the kingdom of heaven
      6. one key is locking people out who aren't worthy and the other key is for letting people in who are worthy
    2. Peter
      1. the latin word Petus which means rock
      2. He would be the foundation of the church
      3. rocks are construction tools, constructing the church
    3. Christ handing the keys to Peter
      1. Shows ownership
      2. appointing him the head apostle
  2. This is when Peter (the first pope) became the head of the apostles. Jesus acknowledged this by giving him the keys to heaven. Not only was Jesus making him the future foundation of the Church but by giving him the keys he was telling him that through his teachings would tell people how to enter heaven. The keys could be symbolic of teachings that would allow people to enter heaven.
  3. Keys in other religions are showing possession.
    1. Greek Mythology
      1. Sybel would lock up the Earth in winter and would open it up again in the spring
      2. Hades held the key to the underworld
    2. There were usually keeper of keys in ancient religions
      1. to lock souls in the underworld
      2. to keep the balance between heaven and hell
      3. to show holiness
      4. initiation into cults
  4. Stories throughout history have shown us this story many times. Passing on leadership to someone
    1. Presidents do it when they congratulate their successor
    2. Presidents of companies do it when they give them the keys to their new office
    3. People who pass away do this in their wills
    4. In families people do it as an initiation into adulthood.
      1. a father giving his son the "you're a man now" talk
      2. mothers when they start teaching their daughters how to be women
      3. aunts and uncles teaching their nieces and nephews how to do certain things
  5. Peter and his brother Andrew were Christ's first two diciples. They were fishermen. Peter's real name was Simon. Christ renamed him Peter in a symbolic move. Peter comes from the Latin work Petus which means "rock". This in turn is significant for two reasons. First of all rocks make a good foundation. Secondly, rocks are construction material. Christ's intention for Peter was to be a founder in the "Construction and Support" of his church.


Luncheon On the GrassManet
This painting was very unique and not well liked by authority figures. It can be considered political propaganda. There was at one point very big prostitution ring going on in the Bois de Boulogne. It was a large park on the western outskirts of Paris. It was a commonly known subject but it wasn't something that people publicized. Even today the Bois de Boulogne is known as a place where you can pick up prostitutes. It was realistic because it showed something that actually happened in this time. Men went to this park to sleep with prostitutes.



1. Developments/Innovations

  • a. They painted in small touches of pure color instead of broad strokes
  • b. They used new scientific research of the physics of color to get a more exact representation of color and tone.
  • c. They painted outside so their paintings seemed brighter
  • d. Not glass smooth pictures, textured
  • e. Every day scenes instead of crazy "look at me" scenes.

2. Who did they (who is they?) look to?

3. When is the 1st impressionism exhibition? The last?

April 15 to May 15, 1874is the first one and the last one (the eighth one) was during the fall of 1885.

4. How did they (who is they?) acquire their "name/title"?

5. Stylistic Characteristics

  • a. small, thin, visible brush strokes
  • b. open composition
  • c. emphasis on light
  • d. common subject matter
  • e. inclusion of movement

6. Notable Artists

  • a. Renoir: Girls at the Piano
  • b. Cezanne: Jas de Bouffan
  • c. Degas: The Dance Class
  • d. Gauguin: Woman with a Flower
  • e. Rodin: The Thinker
  • f. Turner: Calais Pier

7. The greatest contribution of the Impressionist movement was...


  1. Basic biographical information (when born / died, where lived, traveled, etc.)
  2. How they began their artistic "journey"
  3. Influences (artists, styles, other; from the past and / or present)
  4. Contribution(s) to the art world, community, etc.
  5. Major subject matter explored
  6. Stylistic characteristics (how the art "looked")
  7. Quirky information / stories about the artist
  • He was was born in 1840
  • His family was working class in Paris
  • He was the second child
  • His parents were Marie Cheffer and Jean-Baptiste Rodin, who was a police department clerk
  • He was largely self-educated, and began to draw at age ten.
  • From when he was 14 to 17 he attended the Petite École
  • this was a school specializing in art and mathematics
  • he studied drawing and painting.
  • His drawing teacher, Horace Lecoq de Boisbaudran, believed in first developing the personality of his students so that they observed with their own eyes and drew from their memories.
  • Rodin still expressed appreciation for his teacher much later in life. It was at Petite École that he first met Jules Dalou and Alphonse Legros.
  • His biggest influence was Michelangelo
  • You can see this in the fact that he had a lot of unfinished pictures
  • His major subject matter was people, it was always people who looked very romanticized
  • it was dramatic, very dramatic
  • more interested in capturing a movement instead of the whole image
  • He is also classified as an impressionist
  • He was one of the first to not finish something but say its finished


  1. Explain the style of art known as “Fauvism”
    • -A style of painting with vivid expressionistic and nonnaturalistic use of color that flourished in Paris from 1905 and, although short-lived, had an important influence on subsequent artists, esp. the German expressionists. Matisse was regarded as the movement's leading figure
    • -Les Fauves (The Wild Beasts)

  1. What is the time-frame of this style?
    • -1904-1908

  1. Explain the meaning of the term / label and the manner in which it was originally assigned to the group of artists.
they had rejected traditional painting
it emphasized modern ideas such as movement and machinery
  1. List the artists associated with the Fauvist movement.
    • -Matisse
    • -Derain
    • -Albert Marquet
    • -Charles Camoin
    • -Louis Valtat
    • -Henri Evenepoel
    • -Maurice Marinot
    • -Jean Puy
    • -Maurice de Vlaminck
    • -Henri Manguin
    • -Raoul Dufy
    • -Othon Friesz
    • -Georges Rouault
    • -Kees van Dongen
    • -Alice Bailly
    • -Georges Braque

  1. What are the stylistic characteristics associated with Fauvism?
    • -Wild brush strokes and strident colors
    • -Subject matter was very simple and abstract
    • -Van Gogh's Post-Impressionism
    • -Pointillism of Seurat
    • -Paul Signac
    • -Paul Cezanne
    • -Paul Gauguin

  1. Who / what were the influences (inspirations) for the Fauvists?
  2. Explain how the Fauvists broke with the past; What makes them “Modern”?

    • Die Brücke (The Bridge)
    • Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider)

  1. Time-frame
  2. Notable artists
  3. Subject, Style, Significance (…of their art)
  4. Explain how these two German Expressionist styles / movements differ from one another.


  1. Each of you should copy / paste the above text into your own wiki page.
  2. Answer the questions. If you desire to work in small groups (no more than 3 per group), that's fine. However, the information MUST be present one everyone's page. Furthermore, everyone is responsible for knowing / understanding all of the information processed through the group's efforts.
  3. After all questions have been answered, each of you need to select one painting that you feel exemplifies the styles (Fauvism, The Bridge, The Blue Rider). Note that this part of the assignment is to be done INDEPENDENTLY (In fact, I do not want to see repeated usage of the same painting among students). Each of your three (3) works should be placed within your answers, must contain pertinent information (Artist, Title, Style, Date), and be accompanied by a few sentences explaining why you feel this painting exemplifies the respective style.
  4. It is my expectation that this assignment be completed by tomorrow's class (Tuesday - May 22). This means that you may need to take time this evening to wrap things up.